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III Congreso Nacional de Psicología - Oviedo 2017
Universidad de Oviedo

 

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Psicothema

ISSN Paper Edition: 0214-9915

2000 . Vol. 12 , nº 2 , pp. 171-175
Copyright © 2014     


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ESTADO FUNCIONAL Y CALIDAD DE VIDA EN MAYORES DE SETENTA AÑOS

 

Emilio Corrales Fernández, Adonina Tardón García y Antonio Cueto Espinar

Universidad de Oviedo

Estudio descriptivo transversal, realizado en el Centro de Salud de Mieres-Sur. Selección aleatoria (n = 300, a = 5%, E = 5%) de personas de 70 años o más, valorando: nivel cognitivo, actividades básicas (ABVD) e instrumentales (AIVD) de la vida diaria, calidad de vida y aspectos clínicos y socio-económicos. Participaron 273 ancianos (91%; 55% mujeres, 45% varones). El 63% con menos de 7 años de escolarización. El 11% presentaba deterioro cognitivo, 21% vivían solos, y 26% consideraba sus ingresos insuficientes. Existía depresión en un 31% (21% de diagnóstico nuevo), y 80% presentaban pluripatología. La independencia en las ABVD y AIVD fue del 66% y del 39%. En las láminas COOP-WONCA, el 78, 65 y 46% tenían buen nivel físico, de actividad diaria y estado general, un 49% de sentimientos y 78% de actividades sociales. La capacidad funcional y calidad de vida de la mayoría son fácilmente medibles desde la Atención Primaria. La elevada prevalencia de depresión exige un elevado índice de sospecha en este ámbito.

Functional status and qualituy of life over seventy years old. Epidemiologic sectional descriptive study, at a Primary Health Care Attention Unit in Mieres-Sur (Asturias, Spain). Random Selection (n = 300, a = 5%, E = 5%), among the over 70 population. We have investigated: Primary Sociobiological Functions (PSF), Self-Maintaining and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (SIADL), Quality of Life, and another clinical and socioeconomical aspects. We have investigated 273 over 70 people (91% of random sample, 55% women, 45% men). The 63% were people with less than seven years on enrolment in a school. The 11% were people with cognitive default impairment, 21% were people who lived alone, 26% were people who considered their incomes not enough. In 31% were people with depression (21% incidence) and 80% were people with a tipe of multiple pathology. We have obtained a result of independency of 66% and 39 in the PSF and SIADL scales. In Charts WONCA the results were: 78% good fisical level, 65% good daily activity, 46% general condition, 49% good sentiments level and 78% good social activities. In Primary Health Care quality of life and geriatric assessment are easily measuring. The big proportion of depression has neccesary been suspected at this level of care.

 
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Correspondencia: Emilio Corrales Fernández
Ambulatorio de Mieres
C/ Pérez de Ayala, 25
33600 Mieres (Spain)
E-mail: ecorrales@gapmi07.insalud.es

 

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