INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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  • Director: José Muñiz
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
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Gender Segregation in Peer Relationships and its Association with Peer Reputation

Eduardo Martín, Ángela Torbay, and Cristo Guerra-Hernández

Universidad de La Laguna

Background: Segregation by gender when relating to peers is a well-known phenomenon, with important implications for the development of children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to deeply analyze the intra and intergender relationships that young people establish with their peers, as well as the link that these relationships have with social reputation. Method: 593 youngsters (50.1% girls) from 5th and 6th years of Primary Education, and 1st and 2nd years of Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) completed a sociometric test and a social reputation test. Results: The main results indicate that girls had a higher number of positive reciprocities with other girls, whereas boys tended to have conflictive intragender relationships. We confirmed that the relationships between the different sociometric indices and social reputation were different in boys and girls. Thus, for example, aggression and sociability were differently related to the establishment of intergender relationships in boys and girls. Conclusions: The results related to previous research are discussed, and some possible educational implications are noted.

La Segregación por Género en las Relaciones entre Iguales y su Relación con la Reputación Social. Antecedentes: la segregación por género a la hora de relacionarse con los iguales es un fenómeno conocido, y que tiene importantes repercusiones en el desarrollo de niños/as y adolescentes. El objetivo de este trabajo es profundizar en el análisis de las relaciones intra e intergénero que los/as jóvenes establecen con sus compañeros, así como el vínculo que dichas relaciones tienen con la reputación social. Método: 593 jóvenes (50,1% chicas)  de 5º y 6º de primaria, y 1º y 2º de la ESO completaron un test sociométrico y una prueba de reputación social. Resultados: los principales resultados señalan que las chicas tienen un mayor número de reciprocidades positivas con otras chicas, mientras que los chicos tienden a tener relaciones intragénero conflictivas. Se comprueba que las relaciones que mantienen los diferentes índices sociométricos con la reputación social son diferentes en chicos y chicas. Así, por ejemplo, la agresividad y la sociabilidad se relacionan con el establecimiento de relaciones intergénero manera diferente en chicos y chicas. Conclusiones: se discuten los resultados en función de la investigación previa, y se apuntan algunas posibles implicaciones educativas.

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