INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

PSICOTHEMA
  • Director: José Muñiz
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  • ISSN: 0214-9915
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Benefits of PsyCap Training on the Wellbeing in Military Personnel

Eduardo Hernández Varas1, and Mónica García Silgo2

1 Gabinete de Psicología del Tercio de Armada, and
2 Inspección General de Sanidad de la Defensa

Background: Psychosocial risks associated to the military life affect the performance and the psychological wellbeing of the military personnel adversely. However, Psychological Capital (PsyCap) is known to modulate positively these risks. The aim of this study is to test if a PsyCap-based training programme may enhance and shield the psychological wellbeing and PsyCap of the military personnel, benefiting both the individual and the employer organisation. Method: To determine the efficacy of the psychological training program a two way (fixed) ANOVA design was run and the R2 size effect was calculated in a sample of 90 Spanish military, comparing the 41 participants who were involved in PsyCap-based training programme with the control counterparts (N = 49). Results: Comparing the treatment group with its control counterpart we observed a remarkable increase in PsyCap of 15.18%, whilst the Psychological Wellbeing showed an 8.04% increase at the completion of the study respect to the control group. Conclusions: A training program based on the Psychological Capital enhances itself and helps to keep the wellbeing levels in the military personnel.

Beneficios del Entrenamiento en PsyCap sobre el Bienestar del Personal Militar. Antecedentes: los riesgos laborales asociados a la vida castrense tienen un impacto negativo sobre el bienestar y desempeño profesional de los militares. No obstante, el Capital Psicológico ha mostrado un efecto modulador positivo sobre ellos. Este estudio pretende analizar si un programa de entrenamiento fundamentado en el Capital Psicológico permite mejorar y proteger tanto el bienestar psicológico como el propio Capital Psicológico, beneficiando tanto al individuo como a la organización militar. Método: para determinar la eficacia del programa de entrenamiento propuesto se aplicó un ANOVA de dos factores de efectos fijos y se calculó el tamaño del efecto para las variables estudiadas en una muestra de 90 militares por la comparación de las medidas pre y post de los 41 participantes del programa con las del grupo control (N = 49). Resultados: al comparar ambos grupos experimentales (tratamiento y control) se observa una diferencia positiva significativa de un 15,18% para el Capital Psicológico, y del 8,04% para el Bienestar Psicológico a la finalización del estudio. Conclusiones: la aplicación de un programa de entrenamiento fundamentado en el Capital Psicológico produce mejoras en sí mismo y ayuda a mantener los niveles de bienestar del personal militar.

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