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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 1). 1-6




El perfil neuropsicológico en la esclerosis múltiple

Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla, John DeLuca y Nancy Chiaravalloti

University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Yersey and Kessler Medical Rehabilitation Research and Education Corporation

La Esclerosis Múltiple (EM) es la enfermedad neurológica no traumática más común entre personas jóvenes y adultos en etapas medias de la vida. La presente investigación tuvo como objetivo estudiar el perfil neuropsicológico de un grupo de sujetos con EM. A ochenta sujetos con diagnóstico de EM y 40 sujetos sanos se les administró una batería de evaluación neuropsicológica. El grupo de personas con EM presentó puntuaciones más bajas en todas las pruebas y, en el 84% de las variables medidas (16/19), las diferencias fueron estadísticamente significativas (p<0.05). El perfil neuropsicológico del grupo de sujetos con EM se caracterizó por alteraciones cognitivas en funciones ejecutivas, procesamiento de la información, memoria, habilidades visoespaciales y atención. Las alteraciones cognitivas son uno de los principales síntomas de la EM. El conocer el perfil neuropsicológico de estas personas es de gran relevancia tanto para el diagnóstico como para su posterior rehabilitación.

Neuropsychological profile of multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common non-traumatic neurological disorder among young and middle-aged people. The aim of the present study was to examine the cognitive functioning of a group of MS patients. A sample of 80 participants diagnosed with MS and 40 controls received a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Participants with MS scored lower than controls on all of the neuropsychological tests and significantly lower (p < .05) on 84% (16/19) of them. The global neuropsychological profile of the MS group included deficits in executive function, speed of information processing, memory, visuo-spatial abilities and attention. Cognitive deficits are one of the main symptoms of MS. Recognition of these deficits is relevant both to the diagnosis and rehabilitation of this disorder.

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