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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 1). 43-48

Temperamental and personality variables in child and adolescent depressive symptomatology

Miguel Ángel Carrasco Ortiz and María Victoria del Barrio Gándara

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

In this study, we analyzed the relationship between temperament and personality factors and depression in children and adolescents. Temperament was assessed with the Dimensions of Temperament Survey Revised (DOTS-R), personality with the Big Five Questionnaire-Children (BFQ-C), and depressive symptomatology with the Children s Depression Inventory (CDI). The sample was made up of 535 participants (274 boys and 261 girls), aged 8 to 15 years. Results show that temperament and personality are significantly related to depressive symptomatology in children and adolescents. Those with difficult temperaments showed more depressive symptomatology, as did those with high levels of emotional instability or low levels of extraversion, openness, agreeableness or conscientiousness. Multiple regression analyses revealed greater relevance of personality variables than of temperament variables.

Variables de personalidad y temperamento en la sintomatología depresiva de niños y adolescentes. El presente trabajo analiza la relación entre factores temperamentales y personales con la sintomatología depresiva de niños y adolescentes. El temperamento fue evaluado con el Dimensions of Temperament Survey Revised (DOTS-R), la personalidad con el Big Five Questionnaire Children (BFQ-C) y la sintomatología depresiva con el Childrens Depression Inventory (CDI). La muestra se compone de 535 sujetos (274 varones y 261 mujeres) con edades comprendidas entre los 8 y 15 años. Los resultados muestran que el temperamento y la personalidad presentan relaciones significativas con la sintomatología depresiva infantil y adolescente. Los sujetos con temperamento difícil mostraron más sintomatología depresiva, al igual que aquellos niños con altos niveles de inestabilidad emocional o bajos niveles de extraversión, apertura, agradabilidad o conciencia. Los análisis de regresión múltiple mostraron una mayor relevancia de las variables de personalidad que las de temperamento.


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