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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 1). 65-71




Youth sport dropout from the achievement goal theory

Eduardo M. Cervelló, Amparo Escartí* and José F. Guzmán*

Universidad Miguel Hernández and * Universidad de Valencia

El abandono del deporte en jóvenes desde la Teoría de las metas de logro. This study examined dropout behavior, using the conceptual framework of achievement goal theory. We hypothesized that dropout could be predicted by a high ego-oriented goal disposition in combination with a low perception of personal skill and the perception that the coach and sport peers maintained ego-oriented sport success criteria. The participants were 134 adolescent athletes involved in high-level competitive sports participation. The results of structural equation modeling (SEM) supported these hypotheses. Furthermore, the variables that directly predicted sport dropout were the participant s ego orientation (positively) and perception of skill (negatively). These findings and the research prospects are discussed.

Este estudio analizó la conducta de abandono deportivo, utilizando el entramado teórico de la teoría de las metas de logro. Así, se hipotetizó que el abandono se podría predecir por una alta orientación al ego, una baja percepción de habilidad comparada, junto con la percepción de criterios de éxito deportivo orientados al ego en el entrenador y los compañeros del grupo deportivo Los participantes fueron 134 deportistas adolescentes, enrolados en grupos competitivos orientados hacia el alto nivel. El cálculo de un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales (SEM), corroboró las hipótesis de partida, mostrando que el abandono deportivo se predijo positivamente por la orientación al ego y negativamente por la percepción de habilidad. Estos resultados, y las prospectivas de investigación futuras, se discuten en el documento.

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