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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 1). 72-80




Intervenciones con cuidadores de familiares mayores dependientes: una revisión

Javier López y María Crespo*

Universidad San Pablo CEU y * Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Se revisan los estudios de intervención con cuidadores de familiares mayores dependientes. Se realizó una búsqueda en bases de datos nacionales (PortalMayores, Psicodoc, Psyke) e internacionales (Ageline, Cochrane Library, Medline, Psycinfo) de estudios aleatorizados, publicados entre 1980 y 2004, que intentan reducir el malestar emocional de los cuidadores. La mayoría de las intervenciones se centran en cuidadores de personas con demencia y los cuidadores suelen ser mujeres. Los cuidadores son un grupo de difícil acceso. Los objetivos y contenidos de las intervenciones varían mucho y no siempre están bien definidos. Los efectos encontrados son modestos. Se alcanzan resultados significativos en la reducción del malestar ante problemas conductuales, pero es difícil mejorar los niveles de depresión. Las intervenciones psicoterapéuticas son moderadamente eficaces. En conclusión, las futuras intervenciones deberían determinar con claridad el marco teórico, así como sus objetivos y utilizar unos períodos de seguimiento más amplios.

Interventions for caregivers of older and dependent adults: A review. Studies of intervention for caregivers of older and dependent relatives are reviewed. National (PortalMayores, Psicodoc, Psyke) and international (Ageline, Cochrane Library, Medline, Psycinfo) databases were searched for randomized studies, published from 1980 to 2004, that attempt to reduce emotional distress in caregivers. Most intervention studies focus on caregivers of dementia patients and these caregivers are usually females. Caregivers are not an easy group to access. Intervention objectives and contents vary widely and they are not always well defined. The reported effects are moderate. Studies achieve significant outcomes in reducing distress from behavioural problems, but it is difficult to improve depression levels. Psychotherapeutic interventions have shown moderate efficacy. To conclude, future intervention studies should determine the theoretical framework clearly, as well as the goals, and should use more extensive followup periods.

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