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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 2). 218-224




Cultura y desfases culturales de los equipos de trabajo: implicaciones para el compromiso organizacional

José C. Sánchez, Ana Lanero, Amaia Yurrebaso y Blanca Tejero

Universidad de Salamanca

Algunos teóricos del compromiso organizacional han propuesto que la cultura es un determinante importante del compromiso organizacional. No obstante, muy pocos trabajos han examinado el papel que la cultura de los equipos de trabajo (subcultura) y sus desfases culturales tienen sobre el compromiso. El presente estudio trata de cubrir esta laguna. Utilizando una muestra de 375 equipos de trabajo de diferentes organizaciones públicas y privadas, encontramos que los resultados confirmaron nuestras propuestas. Los desfases culturales se relacionaron negativamente con el compromiso; la subcultura de los equipos lo hizo de forma positiva y se relacionó más con el compromiso con los valores que con el compromiso de continuar; las variables demográficas (edad, tiempo en el equipo, tiempo en la empresa), en contra de algunos estudios, no resultaron significativas, excepto el nivel de educación que se relacionó con el compromiso de continuar. Se analizan las implicaciones de estos resultados.

Culture and cultural gaps in work teams: Implications for organisational commitment. Some theoreticians of organisational commitment have proposed that culture is an important determinant of organisational commitment. Nevertheless, very few studies have examined the role that work teams culture (subculture) and their cultural gaps play in commitment. This study is an attempt to overcome this lack. Using a sample of 375 work teams from various public and private organisations, it was found that the results confirmed our proposals. Cultural gaps were negatively related to commitment; the teams subculture was positively related to commitment, and more highly to commitment to values than to commitment to continuing. Contrary to the results of other studies, the demographic variables (age, time on the team, time in the company) were not significant, except that educational level was related to the commitment to continue. The implications of these results are analysed.

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