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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 552-558




El rostro bifronte del fatalismo: fatalismo colectivista y fatalismo individualista

Amalio Blanco y Darío Díaz

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

El fatalismo ha constituido tradicionalmente un marco central para el estudio de los procesos psicológicos en contextos culturalmente marcados por el colectivismo y por un desarrollo económico endeble. En este caso ha acostumbrado a mostrarse como un esquema cognitivo definido por la aceptación pasiva y sumisa de un destino irremediable tras el que se encuentra la fuerza de la naturaleza o la voluntad de algún Dios. Esta imagen ha perdido estos contornos tan nítidos. En la actualidad, el fatalismo acompaña también la vida de las personas pertenecientes a culturas individualistas que viven dentro de un contexto económico altamente desarrollado y hasta opulento, y se nos muestra como un estado anímico de incertidumbre, inseguridad e indefensión frente a los acontecimientos que caracterizan la sociedad del riesgo global. La propuesta teórica que presentamos en este artículo desarrolla esta doble vertiente del fatalismo.

The twofold face of fatalism: Collectivist fatalism and individualist fatalism. Fatalism has been a central framework for understanding the psychological processes in cultures with pronounced collectivism that are economically poorly developed. In this context, fatalism emerges as cognitive schema defined by passive and submissive acceptance of an irremediable destiny, governed by some natural force or the will of some God. This image has now lost such a clear profile. But currently, fatalism also accompanies the life of people from individualist cultures, who live in a highly developed, or even opulent, economic context. In this case, fatalism is like some mood of uncertainty, insecurity, and helplessness following the events that characterize the society of global risk. In this paper, we propose a theory to develop the two faces of fatalism.

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