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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 578-584




Programa de entrenamiento en solución de problemas prácticos aplicado a personas con discapacidad intelectual

Luz Pérez Sánchez y Diana Cabezas Gómez

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

La ausencia de programas para el entrenamiento en solución de problemas prácticos es uno de los retos que han de asumir los profesionales que atienden a personas con deficiencia mental. El objetivo principal de este estudio es valorar los efectos de un programa diseñado para mejorar esas habilidades dirigido a personas con discapacidad intelectual. La muestra estaba formada por 66 sujetos de edades comprendidas entre los 17 y los 36 años. El programa se basa en la utilización de ejemplos con personajes ficticios que viven situaciones semejantes a las de los sujetos a los que se aplica el programa. Partiendo de ellos se generan las técnicas para mejorar las habilidades. Para lograr el objetivo indicado se ha planteado un diseño clásico pretest-postest, estableciendo un grupo experimental y otro de control. Los resultados muestran efectos positivos en la mayor parte de las variables consideradas, como consecuencia de la aplicación del programa.

Program of training in solution of practical problems applied to people with intellectual disability. The lack of programs to train people in practical problem-solving is one of the challenges that professionals who attend people with mental deficiency must cope with. The main goal of this study is to assess the effects of a program designed to improve these skills, aimed at people with intellectual discapacity. The sample was made up of 66 subjects, aged between 17 and 36 years old. The program was based on the use of examples of fictitious characters who undergo situations that are similar to those of the subjects to whom the program is administered, and techniques to improve skills were generated from these situations. In order to achieve the goal, a classic pre- posttest design was used, with an experimental and a control group. The results show positive effects in most of the variables considered as a consequence of the administration of the program.

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