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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 634-639




Dimensional structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory with Spanish college students

Noemí Pereda, Maria Forns and Maribel Peró

University of Barcelona

The Brief Symptom Inventory is designed to assess symptoms of psychological disorders in adolescents and adults. The dimensional structure of the inventory, using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, was examined with a cross-sectional design in a Spanish sample of college students (N = 1,033, aged between 18 and 30 years old). Two hypotheses were tested: the original distribution of the items in nine factors, and the unidimensionality of the inventory. According to the results, a nine-factor structure seemed to be confirmed, although the strong intercorrelations found among the subscales indicated that these were measuring closely related constructs. The importance of cultural influences when assessing psychological symptoms and the need to develop national and sex norms for instruments that assess psychopathology, are also discussed.

Estructura dimensional del Brief Symptom Inventory con universitarios españoles. El Brief Symptom Inventory es un autoinforme que permite evaluar síntomas de trastornos psicológicos en jóvenes y adultos. En el presente estudio se analizó la estructura dimensional del cuestionario mediante análisis factorial confirmatorio. La muestra utilizada fueron 1.033 estudiantes universitarios de entre 18 y 30 años, pertenecientes a distintas facultades y centros adscritos de la Universidad de Barcelona. Se testaron dos hipótesis: la distribución original de los ítems en nueve factores y la unidimensionalidad del cuestionario. Los resultados obtenidos parecen confirmar la estructura de nueve factores, si bien las fuertes correlaciones entre las subescalas indican que éstas evalúan constructos muy relacionados. Se discuten también la importancia de las diferencias culturales al evaluar síntomas psicológicos y la necesidad desarrollar datos normativos en función del país y del sexo.

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