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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 640-645




Programa de control de peso en personas con enfermedad mental grave del espectro psicótico

Ana María Gaitero Calleja, Miguel Ángel Santed Germán*, Margarita Rullas Trincado y Araceli Grande de Lucas**

Centro de Rehabilitación Psicosocial «San Fernando de Henares» (Madrid), * Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia,** Centro de Rehabilitación Psicosocial «Alcalá de Henares» (Madrid)

El aumento de peso asociado a la esquizofrenia a partir del incremento del uso de los nuevos antipsicóticos es un problema en aumento. Por ello, en este trabajo, nuestro objetivo es poner en marcha un programa cognitivo-conductual de forma ambulatoria para el control de peso en personas con enfermedad mental grave del espectro psicótico, atendidos en un Centro de Rehabilitación Psicosocial (C.R.P.S.), y comparar los resultados con un grupo control. Para ello contamos con un grupo de intervención compuesto por 3 varones y 4 mujeres, y un grupo control con 4 varones y 4 mujeres. La intervención duró doce sesiones a lo largo de tres meses. También se realizó un seguimiento a los tres meses de finalizada la intervención en ambos grupos. Nuestros datos indican la eficacia de la intervención cognitivo-conductual en estas personas: se consiguió reducir el peso de los participantes y modificar sus hábitos de alimentación y de ejercicio físico.

Cognitive behavioral weight-loss program for individuals with psychotic mental diseases. Overweight derived from the intake of new antipsychotic medication in order to treat schizophrenia is a growing problem. The main purpose of this study is to launch a cognitive behavioural program in outpatients. It is focused on the weight control of patients with chronic mental diseases, especially those diagnosed as psychotic, and who are under treatment in a Psychosocial Rehabilitation Centre. In this study, the results of an experimental group and a control group were compared. The experimental group was made up of 7 individuals, 3 males and 4 females, and the control group comprised 4 males and 4 females. The program had a duration of twelve sessions administered over a period of three months. Three months after concluding the program, both groups were followed up. The data obtained indicate the efficiency of the cognitive-behavioural treatment in the patients. The achievements of this project were, on the one hand, to significantly reduce the patients’ weight and, on the other, to modify their nutritional and physical exercise habits.

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