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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 654-660




Comorbilidad de la ansiedad social específica y generalizada en adolescentes españoles

Ihab Zubeidat, Antonio Fernández-Parra*, Juan Carlos Sierra* y José María Salinas*

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia y * Universidad de Granada

Se explora la comorbilidad entre el trastorno de ansiedad social, incluida la de sus subtipos específico y generalizado, y otros problemas psicopatológicos en adolescentes. Para ello, se evaluaron 961 jóvenes españoles (media de edad= 15,63 años) mediante diferentes autoinformes que miden variables sociodemográficas, competencias e índices clínicos. Los resultados indicaron que los jóvenes con ansiedad social mostraban un porcentaje de comorbilidad superior al presentado por los jóvenes con otras psicopatologías en los índices referentes a la ansiedad y evitación de situaciones sociales. El segundo grupo obtuvo un porcentaje de comorbilidad mayor que el primero en la mayoría de los problemas clínicos medidos por el YSR/11-18 y el MMPI-A. En tan sólo once de los índices clínicos evaluados resultó significativa la diferencia en comorbilidad entre los dos grupos de ansiedad social (específica y generalizada), presentando el primero un porcentaje de comorbilidad inferior.

Comorbidity of specific and generalized social anxiety in Spanish adolescents. The comorbidity of the social anxiety disorder, including the specific and generalized subtypes, and other psychopathological problems in adolescents is explored. For this purpose, 961 Spanish young people were evaluated (mean age = 15.63 years) by means of various self-reports that measure sociodemographical variables, competences and clinical indexes. Those with social anxiety were divided into two groups: specific and generalized. The results indicated that the adolescents with social anxiety had a higher percentage of comorbidity in the indexes that refer to anxiety and avoidance in social situations, than did the young people with other psychopathologies. The group of generalized social anxiety had a higher percentage of comorbidity than the specific social anxiety group in the majority of the clinical problems measured by the YSR/11-18 and MMPI-A. Only in eleven of the evaluated clinical indexes was the difference in comorbidity between the two groups of social anxiety significant, and the percentage of comorbidity was lower in the first group.

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