INFORMATION

Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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  • Address: Ildelfonso Sánchez del Río, 4, 1º B
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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 667-672




Influencia de las variables psicológicas en el deporte de competición: evaluación mediante el cuestionario Características psicológicas relacionadas con el rendimiento deportivo

Fernando Gimeno, José Mª Buceta* y Mª Carmen Pérez-Llantada*

Universidad de Zaragoza y * Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

El objetivo de esta investigación fue analizar la influencia de variables psicológicas en la consecución de éxito, la continuidad a largo plazo y la ocurrencia de lesiones, en el contexto del deporte de competición. Se realizaron tres estudios con judokas, jugadores de fútbol y nadadores, utilizando como instrumento de evaluación el cuestionario Características Psicológicas relacionadas con el Rendimiento Deportivo (CPRD). Los análisis realizados mostraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas entre la percepción de control del estrés y de la autoconfianza; y la obtención de éxito, la continuidad a largo plazo en el deporte de competición y la ocurrencia de lesiones. Estos resultados sugieren la importancia del entrenamiento de habilidades psicológicas para favorecer el rendimiento deportivo y la prevención de lesiones, así como la utilización del cuestionario CPRD que, con un número reducido de items, ofrece una medición de un amplio rango de variables psicológicas en el contexto específico del deporte.

The influence of psychological variables on sports performance: Assessment with the Questionnaire of Sports Performance-related Psychological Characteristics. The purpose of this research was to observe the relationship among psychological variables and three important issues in sports competition: achieving success, long-term continuance and sustaining injuries. Three studies were carried out with three groups of athletes from the areas of judo, football and swimming, using the Questionnaire of Sports Performance-related Psychological Characteristics as the measuring instrument. The analyses carried out revealed significantly statistical associations between the perception of stress control and of self-confidence, and between achieving success, long-term continuance in competition sports and sustaining injuries. These results indicate the importance of psychological skills training to aid sports performance and prevent injuries, as well as the use of the above-mentioned questionnaire, which, with a limited number of items, measures a wide range of psychological variables in the specific context of sports.

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