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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 679-686




Psychosocial sources of stress and burnout in the construction sector:A structural equation model

Josep L. Meliá and Marta Becerril

Universitat de València

This study develops and tests a structural equation model of social stress factors in the construction industry. Leadership behaviours, role conflict and mobbing behaviours are considered exogenous sources of stress; the experience of tension and burnout are considered mediator variables; and psychological well-being, propensity to quit and perceived quality are the final dependent variables. A sample of Spanish construction workers participated voluntarily and anonymously in the study. After considering the indices of modification, leadership showed direct effects on the propensity to quit and perceived quality. The overall fit of the model is adequate (χ2(13)= 10.69, p= .637, GFI= .975, AGFI= .93, RMR= .230, NFI= .969, TLI= 1.016, CFI= 1.000, RMSEA= .329). Construction has been considered a sector characterized more by high physical risks than socially-related risks. In this context, these findings about the effects of social sources of stress in construction raise new questions about the organizational characteristics of the sector and their psychosocial risks.

Fuentes psicosociales de estrés y burnout en el sector de la construcción: un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Este estudio desarrolla y contrasta un modelo de ecuaciones estructurales sobre los factores sociales de estrés en el sector de la construcción. Las conductas de liderazgo, el conflicto de rol y las conductas de acoso se consideran fuentes exógenas de estrés; la experiencia de tensión y el burnout se consideran variables mediadoras; y el bienestar psicológico, la propensión al abandono y la calidad percibida son las variables dependientes finales. Una muestra de trabajadores de la construcción españoles participaron voluntaria y anónimamente en el estudio. Después de considerar los índices de modificación, el liderazgo también mostró efectos directos sobre la propensión al abandono y la calidad percibida. El ajuste global del modelo es adecuado (χ2(13)= 10.69, p= .637; GFI= 0.975; AGFI= 0.93; RMR= .230; NFI= 0.969; TLI= 1.016; CFI= 1.000; RMSEA= .329). La construcción ha sido considerada un sector caracterizado más por riesgos físicos que sociales. En este contexto estos resultados sobre los efectos de fuentes sociales de estrés en construcción platean nuevas cuestiones sobre las características organizacionales del sector y sus riesgos psicosociales.

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