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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2007. Vol. Vol. 19 (nº 4). 687-692




A Spanish adaptation of the Parental Stress Scale

Beatriz Oronoz, Itziar Alonso-Arbiol and Nekane Balluerka

Universidad del País Vasco

As a specific measure to assess levels of parental stress is lacking in Spain, the aim of this study was to develop the Spanish version of the Parental Stress Scale (PSS). After translating it from English into Spanish using the forward-backward translation method, it was administered to a sample of 211 first-time parents (105 males and 106 females). A factor analysis was carried out to assess its dimensionality. After refining the scale, we obtained a two-factor solution that accounted for 33.5% of the variance, with the factors Stressors and Parenting Rewards. No gender differences were found either in the scale or in the dimensions. Criterion-related validity was tested by means of correlations with anxiety and depressive symptoms and, with regard to internal consistency, adequate alpha coefficients were obtained for both factors.

Adaptación española de la Escala de Estrés Parental. Ante la inexistencia de un instrumento específico para la medición de los niveles de estrés parental en España, el objetivo del presente estudio fue desarrollar la versión española de la Escala de Estrés Parental (PSS en el original). Tras utilizar el procedimiento de traducción (inglés-español) y traducción inversa (español-inglés), para traducir el instrumento, éste fue administrado a 211 progenitores primerizos (105 hombres y 106 mujeres). Se llevó a cabo un análisis factorial para evaluar su dimensionalidad. Tras el cribado inicial, se obtuvo una solución de dos factores, Estresores y Recompensas por el bebé, la cual explicaba el 33,5% de la variancia. No se encontraron diferencias de género ni en la escala ni en sus dimensiones. La validez referida a un criterio fue evaluada a través de las correlaciones con sintomatología ansiosa y depresiva y, en cuanto a la consistencia interna, se obtuvieron coeficientes alpha adecuados para ambos factores.

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