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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 1). 56-61




Funcionamiento de la integración en la Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria según la percepción del profesorado

Eva Álvarez Martino, Marina Álvarez Hernández, Pilar Castro Pañeda, María Ángel Campo Mon y Eva Fueyo Gutiérrez

Universidad de Oviedo

El objetivo central de este estudio es analizar la integración en la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria y qué variables perciben los profesores como indicadores de ésta. Más específicamente, se trata de conocer la experiencia de los docentes, sus percepciones sobre rendimiento, participación, aceptación e implicación de los alumnos de integración y la valoración de diferentes medidas para mejorarla. Se analizan las modalidades de escolarización preferidas y la percepción sobre el funcionamiento del fenómeno. Para alcanzar estos objetivos se utiliza un cuestionario tipo Lickert de 114 ítems. La muestra está compuesta por 242 profesores. De los resultados se deduce que el colectivo de alumnos que tiene problemas de comportamiento es el peor integrado y, además, que un porcentaje significativo del profesorado preferiría no tenerlo en sus aulas. Según los profesores la integración no funciona con eficacia en algunos de los colectivos, debido, fundamentalmente, a la falta de recursos y de estrategias adecuadas.

Functioning of integration in Secondary School according to the teachers’ perception. The main purpose of this article is to analyse integration in Compulsory Secondary School and the variables that teachers perceive as its indicators. More specifically, we wished to determine teachers’ experience, their perceptions of integration students’ achievement, participation, acceptance and involvement, and their appraisal of various measures in order to improve integration. Various preferred means of schooling and teachers’ perception of the functioning of integration are analysed with a Likert-scaled questionnaire made up of 114 items. The sample comprised 242 secondary education teachers. The results show that the most poorly integrated group of students had behavioural problems and that a significant percentage of the teachers would prefer not to have these students in their classrooms. According to the teachers, integration does not work effectively with some groups of students, mainly due to the lack of resources and adequate strategies.

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Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)