Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 1). 114-123

Self-concept, self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms

Maite Garaigordobil, José Ignacio Pérez and María Mozaz

University of the Basque Country

This study has two objectives: 1) to analyse the characteristics of self-concept, self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms in accordance with age and gender in a representative sample from the Basque Country; and 2) to explore the relationships of self-concept and self-esteem with psychopathological symptoms. The sample is made up of 1,579 participants, aged 12 to 65, of whom 732 are males (46.4%) and 847 are females (53.6%). The study uses a descriptive and correlational methodology. For the measurement of psychopathological symptoms, self-concept and self-esteem, three assessment instruments are applied. The ANOVAs indicated significant differences associated with age in self-concept, self-esteem, and quantity of psychopathological symptoms. As regards gender, no significant differences were found for self-concept and self-esteem, but there were differences in psychopathological symptoms, with females scoring higher in various disorders (somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, and total quantity of symptoms). The results of the correlational analyses confirmed significant inverse relationships between self-concept/self-esteem and psychopathological symptoms. The discussion considers the potential role of intervention programmes that promote self-concept and self-esteem in the prevention of psychopathological problems.

Autoconcepto, autoestima y síntomas psicopatológicos. El trabajo tiene 2 objetivos: 1) analizar las características del autoconcepto, la autoestima y los síntomas psicopatológicos, en función de la edad y el género, en una muestra representativa del País Vasco; y 2) estudiar las relaciones entre el autoconcepto y la autoestima con síntomas psicopatológicos. La muestra está constituida por 1.579 participantes de 12 a 65 años de edad, 732 son varones (46,4%) y 847 mujeres (53,6%). El estudio utiliza una metodología descriptiva y correlacional. Para medir los síntomas psicopatológicos, el autoconcepto y la autoestima se administran 3 instrumentos de evaluación. Los ANOVAs indicaron la existencia de diferencias significativas asociadas a la edad en el autoconcepto, en la autoestima y en la cantidad de síntomas psicopatológicos. En relación al género no se encontraron diferencias significativas en autoconcepto y autoestima, pero se hallaron diferencias en los síntomas psicopatológicos con puntuaciones superiores en las mujeres en varios trastornos (somatización, sensibilidad interpersonal, depresión, ansiedad, ansiedad fóbica y cantidad total de síntomas). Los resultados de los análisis correlacionales confirmaron relaciones significativas inversas entre autoconcepto y autoestima con síntomas psicopatológicos. La discusión plantea el papel que pueden tener los programas de intervención que fomentan el autoconcepto y la autoestima en la prevención de problemas psicopatológicos.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)