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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 2). 193-198




Trastornos de personalidad y psicopatía en hombres condenados por violencia grave contra la pareja

Javier Fernández-Montalvo y Enrique Echeburúa*

Universidad Pública de Navarra y * Universidad del País Vasco

En este artículo se lleva a cabo un estudio de las alteraciones de personalidad (trastornos de personalidad y psicopatía) asociadas a los maltratadores a la mujer que se encuentran en prisión. Para ello se contó con una muestra de 76 hombres condenados por un delito de violencia grave contra la pareja, que cumplimentaron el MCMI-II antes de comenzar dentro de la prisión un programa de tratamiento para la violencia. Asimismo todos los participantes fueron evaluados de forma heteroaplicada mediante la escala de psicopatía PCL-R. Por lo que se refiere a los trastornos de personalidad, el 86,8% de la muestra de agresores presentaba, al menos, un trastorno de personalidad. El trastorno de mayor prevalencia fue el trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo de la personalidad, que afectaba al 57,8% de los casos, seguido del trastorno dependiente de la personalidad (34,2% de los casos) y del trastorno paranoide (25% de los casos). En cuanto a la psicopatía, los resultados del PCL-R mostraron que 11 personas (el 14,4% de la muestra) obtuvieron una puntuación significativa indicadora de tendencias psicopáticas claras. Por último, se discuten las implicaciones de este estudio para la práctica clínica y para las investigaciones futuras.

Personality disorders and psychopathy in men convicted for severe intimate partner violence. In this paper, a study of personality disorders and psychopathy in imprisoned male batterers is carried out. A sample of 76 batterers sentenced for a severe offence of violence against their intimate partner was selected. All the participants were assessed with the MCMI-II before beginning a treatment program in prison for gender violence. Likewise, all participants were assessed with the PCL-R in order to identify psychopathic symptoms. According to the results, 86.8% of the sample showed at least one personality disorder. The most prevalent one was the Obsessive-compulsive Personality Disorder (57.8% of cases), followed by the Dependent Personality Disorder (34.2% of cases) and Paranoid Personality Disorder (25%). Regarding psychopathy, the results of PCL-R showed that there were 11 people (14.4% of the sample) who met the criteria for psychopathy or probable psychopathy. Finally, implications of this study for clinical practice and future research in this field are commented upon.

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