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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 2). 249-253




Escala de aspiraciones de control y responsabilidad: adaptación española y su relación con la iniciativa personal

Ana Lisbona Bañuelos, Francisco José Palací Descals y Esteban Agulló Tomás*

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia y * Universidad de Oviedo

La iniciativa personal entendida como una conducta proactiva, autoiniciada, persistente y a favor de la organización es indispensable en las organizaciones actuales sumidas en un entorno de rápidos y complejos cambios e innovaciones. En este trabajo se analiza uno de los antecedentes de la iniciativa personal en el ámbito laboral: las aspiraciones de control y responsabilidad. Se estudia y se lleva a cabo la adaptación al castellano de la escala de aspiraciones de control y responsabilidad elaborada por Frese y colaboradores, a través de dos muestras transversales (n= 414 y 396, respectivamente). Ello ha permitido la realización de análisis factoriales exploratorios y confirmatorios que replican de manera positiva la estructura factorial de la escala original. Se confirma además la relación de las aspiraciones de control con la iniciativa personal, tal y como se sugiere en el modelo general de antecedentes y consecuencias de la iniciativa personal. Del mismo modo, el estudio constata que el control puede considerarse un antecedente de las aspiraciones de control y responsabilidad.

Scale of expectations of control and responsibility: Adaptation to the Spanish language and its relation to personal initiative. Personal initiative, understood as a proactive behaviour, self-initiated, persistent and pro-organization, is indispensable in contemporary organizations immersed in an environment of rapid and complex changes and innovations. In this work, one of the antecedents of personal initiative in the work setting is analyzed: the expectations or hopes of control and responsibility. We studied the adaptation to Spanish of the Scale of Expectations of Control and Responsibility of Frese and colleagues, using two cross-sectional samples (n= 414 and 396, respectively). We performed exploratory and confirmatory factorial analyses that positively replicate the factor structure of the original scale. The relation of the expectations of control with personal initiative is confirmed, as suggested in the general model of antecedents and consequences of personal initiative. Likewise, the study confirms that control can be considered an antecedent of expectations of control and responsibility.

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