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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2002. Vol. Vol. 14 (Suplem.1). 37-49




Violencia entre iguales y desconexión moral: una análisis transcultural

Rosario Ortega Ruiz, Virginia Sánchez*, Ersilia Menesini*

Universidad de Sevilla, Università degli studi di Firenze

Retomando el constructo Desconexión Moral, propuesto por Bandura (1991), que ha dado respuesta en gran medida a la falta de conexión entre razonamiento y comportamiento moral, este artículo profundiza en el maltrato o violencia entre iguales, fenómeno que acontece en las escuelas de numerosos países. El presente estudio transcultural (escolares de Sevilla-España- y de Florencia-Italia-) tiene como objetivo conocer el uso que niños y niñas implicados en este problema, hacen de la desconexión moral, y cómo esta utilización puede estar mediada por un componente afectivo o emocional (emociones morales). Así, la activación de estos argumentos podría estar atenuando emociones como la culpa o la vergüenza, y favoreciendo otras más positivas como el orgullo. Los resultados muestran cómo niños y niñas agresores de ambas ciudades, hacen más uso de la desconexión moral y cómo este uso aumenta con la edad. Diferencias culturales, sin embargo, aparecen en el uso de argumentos o razonamientos específicos.

Bullying and moral disengagement: A cross-national comparison. In contrast with theories of moral development, the construct of Moral Disengagement proposed by Bandura (1991) has given a considerable contribution to the lack of relation between moral reasoning and moral behavior. Adopting this concept, we want to deepen on bullying phenomenon, as one of the most important problems among peers, in almost all the countries. The aim of the present study is to know the use of moral disengagement mechanisms (or arguments) in children involved in bullying problems in two European cities, Seville (Spain) and Florence (Italy), and how this use can be mediated by an emotional dimension (moral emotions). The activation of moral disengagement could minimizes negative emotions, as guilt or shame, and emphasizes positive ones, as pride. Results show how bullies of both, Seville and Florence cities, use more arguments of moral disengagement and how this use increases with age. Although, cultural differences appear in the use of specific reasoning or arguments.

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