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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2002. Vol. Vol. 14 (Suplem.1). 139-146




Evaluación del daño psicológico en las víctimas de delitos violentos

Enrique Echeburúa, Paz de Corral, Pedro Javier Amor

Universidad del País Vasco

En este artículo se hace un estudio sobre las implicaciones clínicas y forenses del daño psicológico en víctimas de delitos violentos. La muestra constó de 330 víctimas afectadas por traumas psicológicos diversos (agresión sexual, violencia familiar o terrorismo). El 54,5% de todos los sujetos padecían el trastorno de estrés postraumático, que se daba con más frecuencia en las víctimas de agresión sexual y de terrorismo que en las de violencia familiar. Con la Escala de Gravedad de Síntomas (Echeburúa, Corral, Amor, Zubizarreta y Sarasua, 1997a), específica para este cuadro clínico, se precisó la gravedad y el perfil psicopatológico de cada subgrupo de víctimas. Por último, se comentan las implicaciones de este estudio para la práctica clínica y forense y para las investigaciones futuras.

Assessment of psychological harm in violent crime-victims.. The aim of this paper was to review the current knowledge about the psychological harm in crime-victims, as well as to study it in a clinical sample. The sample consisted of 330 patients affected by psychological traumas (rape, domestic violence and terrorism). Among them, the 54,5% were diagnosed of PTSD, most of all those affected by rape and terrorism. The Severity of Sumptom Scale for PTSD (Echebrurúa, Corral, Amor, Zubizarreta and Sarasua, 1997a) was used to determine the severity and the psychopatological profile of PTSD in each group of victims. Finally, implications of this study for clinical and forensic practice and for future research in this field are commented upon.

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