Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 3). 487-496

Psychological contract breach and outcomes: Combining meta-analysis and structural equation models

Gabriela Topa Cantisano, J. Francisco Morales Domínguez and Marco Depolo*

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia and * Università Degli Studi di Bologna

In this study, meta-analytic procedures were used to examine the relationships between psychological contract perceived breach and certain outcome variables, such as organizational commitment, job satisfaction and organizational citizenship behaviours (OCB). Our review of the literature generated 41 independent samples in which perceived breach was used as a predictor of these personal and organizational outcomes. A medium effect size (ES) for desirable outcomes (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational trust, OCB and performance) was obtained (r= -.35). For undesirable outcomes (neglect in role duties and intention to leave), ES were also medium (r= .31). When comparing attitudinal (job satisfaction, organizational commitment, organizational trust) and behavioural outcomes (OCB, neglect in role duties and performance), a stronger ES was found for attitudinal (r= -.24) than for behavioural outcomes (r= -.11). Potential moderator variables were examined, and it was found that they explained only a percentage of variability of primary studies. Structural equation analysis of the pooled meta-analytical correlation matrix indicated that the relationships of perceived breach with satisfaction, OCB, intention to leave and performance are fully mediated by organizational trust and commitment. Results are discussed in order to suggest theoretical and empirical implications.

Ruptura de contrato psicológico: combinando meta-análisis y modelos de ecuaciones estructurales. En este estudio, los procedimientos meta-analíticos se usan para examinar las relaciones entre la percepción de ruptura de contrato psicológico y ciertas variables de resultados, como el compromiso organizacional, la satisfacción laboral y las conductas de ciudadanía organizacional (OCB). Nuestra revisión de la literatura generó 41 muestras independientes. Un tamaño del efecto (ES) medio se obtuvo para los resultados deseables (satisfacción laboral, compromiso organizacional, confianza en la organización, OCB y rendimiento (r= -.35). Para los resultados indeseables (negligencia en las tareas del puesto e intención de abandono), el ES fue también medio (r= .31). Cuando se comparan los resultados actitudinales (satisfacción, compromiso organizacional y confianza) y los conductuales (OCB, negligencia en las tareas y rendimiento), un ES más fuerte se encuentra para los actitudinales (r= -.24) que para los conductuales (r= -.11). El análisis de ecuaciones estructurales de la matriz conjunta de correlaciones meta-analítica indica que las relaciones de la ruptura de contrato con la satisfacción laboral, las conductas de ciudadanía, la intención de abandono y el rendimiento están totalmente mediadas por la confianza organizacional y el compromiso. Los resultados se discuten en orden a la sugerencia de implicaciones teóricas y aplicadas.


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