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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 4). 531-537




Influencia de los modelos sociales en el consumo de alcohol de los adolescentes

José Pedro Espada Sánchez, Juan Ramón Pereira y José Manuel García-Fernández*

Universidad Miguel Hernández y * Universidad de Alicante

El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la relación entre el consumo de alcohol en adolescentes y el de sus modelos más cercanos. La muestra se compuso de 536 estudiantes de ESO de una zona rural. Mediante análisis de regresión logística se establecieron modelos del consumo utilizando como criterio el consumo de los padres, hermanos y mejor amigo del adolescente. Se observó que el consumo de estos modelos explica el consumo del adolescente, la actitud hacia la droga, la intención de consumo, la percepción normativa y la percepción de riesgo. El análisis reveló que el principal indicador del consumo de alcohol es el consumo del mejor amigo (OR= 13.04; IC 95%= 8.14-20.91), seguido del consumo de los hermanos (OR= 1.85; IC 95%= 1.12-3.04). La intención de consumo aumenta cuando el padre es bebedor (OR= 2.70; IC 95%= 1.68-4.36), el hermano (OR= 2.83; IC 95%= 1.56-5.15), y sobre todo el mejor amigo (OR= 4.33; IC 95%= 2.55-7.36).

Influence of social models on alcohol use among adolescents. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the consumption of alcohol among adolescents and that of their close model figures. The sample was made up of 536 secondary students from rural areas. Predictive models of alcohol consumption were established by means of logistic regression analysis and the criterion used was the consumption by parents, siblings, and the adolescent’s best friend. It was observed that alcohol use of these models conditioned the adolescents’ consumption; their attitude towards the drug, their intention to consume, their normative perception and perception of risk. The analysis revealed that the main predictor of alcohol use is the consumption by the best friend (OR= 13.04, IC 95%= 8.14-20.91), followed by the consumption by siblings (OR= 1.85, IC 95%= 1.12-3.04). The intention of consumption increases when the father is an alcohol user (OR= 2.70, IC 95%= 1.68-4.36), sibling (OR= 2.83, IC 95%= 1.56-5.15), and mainly best friend (OR= 4.33, IC 95%= 2.55-7.36).

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