Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 4). 545-550

Development of the brief Spanish Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-General

Miguel A. Muñoz García, Julia A. Martínez*, Antonio Tejero** and Antonio Cepeda-Benito***

Universidad de Granada, * University of Missouri (Columbia), ** Unidad de Conductas Adictivas, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (Barcelona) and *** Texas A&M University

Combining two different samples of cocaine users (N= 183), we tested the factor structure of a brief (12-item), Spanish version of the Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-General using confirmatory factor analysis. The four-factor model provided excellent fit to the measure. Moreover, the measure significantly differentiated between recent cocaine users and abstainers, as well as between participants with different levels of severity of drug-use history. Factor 1 expresses highly intense and overwhelming desires, Factor 2 expresses lack of self-control over cocaine use, Factor 3 items express lack of positive reinforcement expectancies, and Factor 4 expresses stimulating expectancies for cocaine use. The results revealed the validity of the CCQ-General brief as an instrument to assess cocaine craving in Spanish and supported the conceptualization of cocaine craving as a multifaceted construct.

Desarrollo de la versión española breve del Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-General. En este estudio comprobamos la estructura factorial de una versión breve (12 ítems) del «Cocaine Craving Questionnaire-General» en población española, combinando dos muestras de consumidores de cocaína (N= 183). El análisis factorial confirmatorio señaló que el modelo se ajustaba a cuatro factores. Además, el cuestionario diferenciaba entre consumidores no abstinentes y abstinentes, así como diferentes grados de severidad en la adicción. El Factor 1 hacía referencia al deseo intenso por consumir, el Factor 2 hacía referencia a la ausencia de control sobre el consumo, el Factor 3 expresaba la ausencia de expectativas positivas sobre el consumo y el Factor 4 se refería a las expectativas sobre los efectos estimulantes derivados del consumo. Los resultados mostraron la validez del CCQ-G breve como instrumento para evaluar el craving por la cocaína en población española y apoyan la conceptualización del craving por la cocaína como un constructo multifactorial.


Impact factor 2022:  JCR WOS 2022:  FI = 3.6 (Q2);  JCI = 1.21 (Q1) / SCOPUS 2022:  SJR = 1.097;  CiteScore = 6.4 (Q1)