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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2008. Vol. Vol. 20 (nº 4). 913-917




Elaboración de una escala para la medida de la capacidad de liderazgo de los deportistas de equipo

Constantino Arce, Julio Torrado, Elena Andrade, Javier Garrido y Cristina de Francisco

Universidad de Santiago de Compostela

El presente trabajo describe el proceso de elaboración de una escala para la medida de la capacidad de liderazgo de los jugadores en los deportes de equipo. La investigación sobre el liderazgo deportivo se ha centrado casi exclusivamente en el liderazgo formal del entrenador, donde los trabajos de Chelladurai, con su modelo de 5 factores, se han convertido en una referencia fundamental. Sin embargo, apenas existen investigaciones sobre el liderazgo que, de manera informal, algunos jugadores ejercen sobre los restantes miembros del equipo. Para alcanzar los objetivos del presente trabajo se utilizó una muestra de 143 jugadores de baloncesto masculino, a los que se les pidió que evaluasen las características del líder deportivo sobre un total de 54 indicadores. Con las respuestas de los sujetos se realizó un análisis factorial exploratorio utilizando ejes principales y rotación oblicua. La estructura factorial obtenida se sometió, luego, a un análisis factorial confirmatorio que nos ha permitido proponer una Escala de Evaluación del Líder Deportivo (EELD) con 18 ítems agrupados en 3 factores, que hemos denominado empatía y responsabilidad, asertividad e impulsividad. Se han obtenido índices de ajuste del modelo, de fiabilidad de los ítems y de consistencia interna de los factores satisfactorios.

Development of a scale to measure leadership capacity of players in sports teams. This study describes the process of developing a scale to measure the leadership capacity of players in sports teams. Research into sports leadership has focused almost exclusively on the formal leadership of the coach, in which the studies by Chelladurai, with his five-factor model, have become an essential point of reference. Nevertheless, hardly any research has been carried out into the leadership that certain players exercise over the other team members. For this purpose, a sample of 143 male basketball players was used; these participants were asked to evaluate the characteristics of the sports leader over a total of 54 indicators. Firstly, explanatory factor analysis was performed with participants’ responses, using principal axis and oblique rotation methods. The factor structure obtained was then subjected to confirmatory factorial analysis, enabling us to propose a Sports Leader Evaluation Scale (EELD, in Spanish) with 18 items grouped into 3 factors, denominated empathy and responsibility, assertiveness, and impulsiveness. Satisfactory fit indices were obtained for the model, for the reliability of items and for the internal consistency of factors.

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