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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2009. Vol. Vol. 21 (nº 1). 63-69




Habilidades matemáticas y funcionamiento ejecutivo de niños con trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad y dificultades del aprendizaje de las matemáticas

Ana Miranda Casas, Amanda Meliá de Alba y Rafaela Marco Taverner

Universidad de Valencia

A pesar de que un 26% de niños con TDAH tiene una dificultad específica en el aprendizaje de las matemáticas (DAM) las investigaciones han sido escasas. El presente estudio se planteó estudiar: 1) el perfil de los niños con TDAH+DAM en habilidades cognitivas y metacognitivas de cálculo y solución de problemas, en comparación con niños con TDAH, niños con DAM, y niños sin problemas; 2) la severidad del déficit en funcionamiento ejecutivo (FE) en niños con TDAH+DAM. Al comparar los grupos DAM, TDAH, TDAH+DAM y grupo de niños sin problemas, los resultados mostraron un claro déficit cognitivo y metacognitivo en el rendimiento matemático del grupo TDAH+DAM que además experimentaba una afectación más severa del FE que el grupo TDAH sin DAM.

Mathematical abilities and executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities in mathematics. Even though 26% of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show a specific mathematic learning difficulty (MLD), the studies have been scarce. The present study had the following goals: 1) to study the profile related to cognitive and metacognitive skills implied in calculation and problem-solving in children with ADHD+MLD, and to compare them in children with ADHD, children with MLD, and children without problems; 2) to study the severity of the deficit in executive function (EF) in children with ADHD+MLD. Comparing the groups MLD, ADHD, ADHD+MLD, and children without problems, the results highlighted that children with ADHD+MLD showed a cognitive and metacognitive deficit in mathematic achievement. Furthermore, results showed a more severe deficit in the EF in children with ADHD+MLD.

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