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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2009. Vol. Vol. 21 (nº 1). 105-111




Modulación del trabajo: estrategias de adaptación del trabajador para regular las demandas de tarea y persona

Antonio Duro Martín

Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (Madrid)

El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar la posible modulación del trabajo por parte del trabajador. Concebida como un mecanismo de adaptación activo (coping), comprende diversas estrategias orientadas a regular las demandas de trabajo según criterios subjetivos de ajuste. Participaron 719 trabajadores procedentes de diversas profesiones, que cumplimentaron un cuestionario sobre contenidos de tarea y de persona de su trabajo y sobre un conjunto de moduladores, utilizando un diseño transversal. En general, los resultados apoyan que la modulación del trabajo tiende a ser especializada, funciona según umbrales y se rige por un criterio de referencia interno. Se concluye que los trabajadores recurren de hecho a este mecanismo para adaptarse al trabajo, cuyas estrategias pueden entrenarse para mantener el bienestar laboral y prevenir los riesgos para la salud en el trabajo.

Work modulation: Worker’s adaptation strategies to regulate task and person demands. This research addresses the possible work modulation by the worker. Modulation is understood as an active coping mechanism, and it includes diverse strategies aimed at regulating work demands, guided by subjective matching criteria. Participants were 719 workers from several jobs that completed a questionnaire about their work task and person contents, using a cross-sectional design. In general terms, results support that work modulation tends to be specialized, depends on thresholds, and it is guided by an internal criterion. It is concluded that workers do turn to this mechanism to adapt to their work, whose strategies can be trained with a view to maintaining their employee well-being and preventing health risks at work.

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