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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2009. Vol. Vol. 21 (nº 3). 347-352




Eficacia de la terapia de aceptación y compromiso (ACT) en la mejora del rendimiento ajedrecístico de jóvenes promesas

Francisco J. Ruiz y Carmen Luciano

Universidad de Almería

La Terapia de Aceptación y Compromiso (ACT) está resultando útil en ámbitos relativamente lejanos a los conocidos como trastornos psicológicos. Específicamente, está permitiendo mejorar el rendimiento deportivo en diversas áreas. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo replicar y ampliar la aplicación de protocolos breves de ACT para mejorar el rendimiento ajedrecístico. En un estudio anterior se aplicó un breve protocolo individual a ajedrecistas de alta competición que resultó eficaz. En el presente estudio se pretende aplicar un protocolo grupal equivalente a jóvenes promesas en ajedrez y compararlo con otros jóvenes en una condición control que no recibieron intervención alguna. Los resultados muestran una mejora del rendimiento en 5 de los 7 participantes, mientras que ninguno de los jugadores de la condición control alcanzó un criterio relevante de cambio. El análisis entre condiciones revela diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el rendimiento ajedrecístico. Se discuten los resultados resaltando el impacto replicado de un formato breve de ACT para mejorar el rendimiento ajedrecístico.

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and improving chess performance in promising young chess-players. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is shown to be effective in relatively distant fields from the so-called psychological disorders. One of these areas is sport performance improvement. The aim of the current study is to expand the application of brief ACT protocols to improve chess-players’ performance. In a previous study, a brief protocol was applied to international-level adult chess-players that was effective. The current study aims to apply an equivalent brief ACT protocol, but in this case, applied in a group format to promising young chess-players. In addition, this brief protocol is compared to a non-intervention control condition. Results show that the ACT brief protocol improved the performance in 5 out of 7 participants, and that none of the chess-players in the control condition reached the established change criterion. The differences between the conditions in chess performance were statistically significant. The results are discussed, emphasizing the replicated impact of a brief ACT protocol on the improvement of chess-players’ performance.

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