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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2009. Vol. Vol. 21 (nº 3). 459-464




Quejas somáticas, estados de ánimo y conciencia emocional en adolescentes

Carolien Rieffe, Lidón Villanueva*, Juan E. Adrián* y Ana B. Górriz*

Leiden University (The Netherlands) y * Universitat Jaume I de Castellón

Las quejas somáticas constituyen un problema frecuente en adolescentes, aunque sólo en algunos casos es posible encontrar una causa médica clara. Por ello, existe una atención creciente hacia los factores psicológicos que podrían estar relacionados. Dos áreas del funcionamiento emocional son los principales referentes a este respecto: estados de ánimo negativos y conciencia emocional. En este trabajo se analizaba si la conciencia emocional contribuía a la predicción de las quejas somáticas, independientemente del estado de ánimo. Los participantes en este estudio, 441 adolescentes entre los 13 y los 15 años de edad, cumplimentaron cuestionarios de autoinforme sobre quejas somáticas, estados de ánimo y conciencia emocional. Los resultados mostraron que la conciencia emocional presentaba una limitada contribución independiente en la predicción de quejas somáticas. Esta contribución estaba moderada por los estados de ánimo, a excepción de dos aspectos de la conciencia emocional: conciencia corporal de las emociones y predisposición a tener en cuenta las emociones de los demás. Estos resultados refuerzan la hipótesis de que la conciencia emocional precede a los estados afectivos, los cuales, a su vez, poseen un efecto en la percepción que los jóvenes tienen sobre su salud.

Somatic complaints, mood states, and emotional awareness in adolescents. Health complaints are a common problem in adolescents, but a medical cause can only be found in few cases. Therefore, increasing attention is paid to psychological factors that might be related. Two areas of emotional functioning are frequently referred to in this respect: negative mood and emotional awareness. In this study, we examined whether emotional awareness contributes uniquely to the prediction of somatic complaints over and above negative mood. Self-report questionnaires of somatic complaints, mood states, and emotional awareness were completed in class by 441 adolescents, between 13 and 15 years old. Results showed that emotional awareness only presents a limited unique contribution to the prediction of somatic complaints. This contribution is moderated by mood states, except for two aspects of emotional awareness: bodily awareness of emotions and attending to others’ emotions. This strengthens the hypothesis that emotional awareness precedes affective states, which, in turn, have an effect on youngsters’ health perceptions.

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