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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2009. Vol. Vol. 21 (nº 4). 555-561




Estilos intelectuales y rendimiento académico: una perspectiva evolutiva

Ana Belén Bernardo, José Carlos Núñez, Julio Antonio González-Pienda, Pedro Rosário*, Luis Álvarez, Paloma González-Castro, Antonio Valle**, Susana Rodríguez**, Rebeca Cerezo, David Álvarez y Celestino Rodríguez

Universidad de Oviedo, * Universidad de Minho y ** Universidad de A Coruña

En este estudio se pretende aportar información adicional sobre algunos de los aspectos que no parecen todavía estar suficientemente claros respecto de la relación entre estilos de pensamiento y rendimiento académico. En concreto, se pretende obtener más información a propósito de la capacidad predictiva de los estilos de pensamiento sobre el rendimiento académico de 1.466 estudiantes de 1º a 4º de la Enseñanza Secundaria Obligatoria —ESO— (12 a 16 años, aproximadamente). Se ha planteado un modelo parsimonioso de estructuras de covarianza y se ha contrastado en cuatro muestras de estudiantes correspondientes a los cuatro cursos de la ESO, así como para la muestra total. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que si bien los estilos intelectuales explican significativamente parte de la varianza del rendimiento académico, ésta sólo está sobre el 10%.

Intellectual styles and academic achievement: A developmental perspective. The aim of the present study is to provide additional information to highlight some aspects concerning the relationship between thinking styles and academic achievement. In order to understand the extent to which thinking styles predict academic achievement, 1466 students, between 12 and 16 years old, from first to fourth grades of Compulsory Secondary Education (Spanish ESO) took part in the research. A parsimonious model of covariances was assumed in each of the four samples corresponding to the four different grades of Secondary School as well as in the total sample. Data show that thinking styles significantly explain part of the variance of academic achievement, although only about 10%.

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