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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 1). 106-111




Tipología de agresores contra la pareja en prisión

Ismael Loinaz, Enrique Echeburúa y Rafael Torrubia*

Universidad del País Vasco y * Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona

Los agresores contra la pareja no constituyen un grupo homogéneo. Numerosos estudios en el ámbito anglosajón avalan la posibilidad de diferenciar distintos subtipos de agresores, pero hay divergencias entre ellos. Una de las principales aplicaciones de las tipologías es la adecuación de los tratamientos a las características del sujeto. El presente estudio-piloto tiene como objetivo establecer empíricamente una tipología de agresores contra la pareja en un ámbito español. La muestra constó de 50 sujetos internados en el centro penitenciario Brians-2 (Barcelona) por violencia contra la pareja. Se evaluaron la autoestima, la ira, las distorsiones cognitivas y los trastornos de la personalidad, así como la frecuencia y el tipo de violencia. Los resultados muestran la existencia de dos subtipos diferenciables de agresores en base a las dimensiones predictivas, confirmando en parte las propuestas tipológicas.

Typology of incarcerated intimate partner aggressors. People who engage in intimate partner violence do not constitute a homogeneous group. Many studies in the Anglo-Saxon countries back the possibility of differentiating several subtypes of aggressors, but there are differences among them. One of the main applications of these typologies is the adaptation of the treatments to the subjects’ characteristics. The aim of the present pilot study was to empirically establish a typology of batterers in Spain. The sample of 50 convicted violent intimate partner offenders was obtained from the Brians-2 penitentiary (Barcelona). Self-esteem, anger, cognitive distortions, and personality disorders were evaluated, as well as the frequency and type of violence. The results suggest the existence of two subtypes, distinguishable on the basis of the predictive dimensions, and so, partially confirm the typological proposals.

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