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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 1). 131-136




Relación entre la percepción de la capacidad aeróbica y el VO2máx en bomberos

José Antonio Prieto Saborit, Miguel del Valle Soto, Mª Ángeles Montoliú Sanclement*, Pedro Carlos Martínez Suárez**, Paloma Nistal Hernández y Vicente González Díez***

Universidad de Oviedo, * Hospital Central de Asturias, ** Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería de Cabueñes y *** Servicio Médico de la Mancomunidad Cabo Peñas

Para un bombero, conocer su estado de forma implica regular la intensidad del rescate sin provocar una fatiga prematura. El objetivo principal del estudio es conocer la capacidad aeróbica real (CAR) de una muestra de bomberos basada en su VO2máx y compararla con dos medidas autoinformadas: la valoración subjetiva de su capacidad aeróbica (VSCA) y la valoración del ejercicio físico realizado (VEF). Participaron 37 bomberos del Principado de Asturias. Se realizaron pruebas de esfuerzo hasta la extenuación en una cinta sin fin, midiendo la frecuencia cardíaca y el consumo VO2máx. El 94,4% de los bomberos que obtuvieron un VO2máx por debajo de 43 ml/min/Kg (mínimo aconsejado para desarrollar su trabajo eficazmente) consideró su capacidad aeróbica «alta» o «muy alta». Esto podría ser influenciado por la falta de información que reciben sobre su capacidad aeróbica a causa de un entrenamiento voluntario y autoprogramado. Se aconseja planificar entrenamientos supervisados por un especialista y realizar test periódicos que informen del la capacidad aeróbica.

Relation between the perception of the aerobic capacity and the VO2max in firemen. For a fireman, knowing whether he is fit enough for his job implies regulating the intensity of the rescue without causing premature body fatigue. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to determine the real aerobic capacity in a sample of firemen, based on the VO2máx, and to compare it with two self-report measures: the subjective appraisal of aerobic capacity and the appraisal of the physical exercise carried out. Thus, 37 firemen from Asturias took part in this study and performed effort tests on a treadmill, measuring their heart frequency and VO2máx consumption. Of the firemen, 94.4% who obtained a VO2máx below 43 ml/min/kg (the minimum advised to perform their job effectively) considered their aerobic capacity to be «high» or «very high». This might be influenced by the lack of feedback on their aerobic capacity, as their training is voluntary and self-planned. Therefore, it is highly recommended to program specialized training and to carry out periodical tests to provide feedback about aerobic capacity.

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