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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 2). 180-188




Menores y nuevas tecnologías: conductas indicadoras de posible problema de adicción

Francisco Javier Labrador Encinas y Silvia María Villadangos González

Universidad Complutense

El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la percepción subjetiva de peligro derivada del uso de las Nuevas Tecnologías (NT) en los menores, y la identificación de conductas indicadoras de un posible problema de adicción a NT. Tras analizar las respuestas al cuestionario DENA de 1710 estudiantes de la Comunidad de Madrid, con edades entre 12-17 años, se encontró una correlación positiva entre el tiempo de uso y la percepción de problema. También, que la edad correlacionaba positivamente con esta percepción. La televisión es la tecnología que genera mayor percepción de problema en los menores. En cuanto a posibles síntomas de adicción, se constató que las NT generan conductas similares a las consideradas características en las adicciones establecidas. Entre ellas, destaca la relajación producida por el uso o el malestar si no puede utilizarse. Se constató la presencia de otros comportamientos relativamente frecuentes exclusivos de este tipo de tecnologías, como la comprobación constante del teléfono móvil. Se discuten los resultados señalando directrices para el estudio de posibles comportamientos adictivos específicos de las NT.

Adolescents and new technologies: Behaviours pointing a possible addiction problem. The aim of this work is to evaluate adolescents’ subjective risk perception derived from the use of the New Technologies (NT), and to identify behaviours or warning symptoms of possible addiction problems. A sample of 1,710 underage students of Madrid responded to the DENA questionnaire. Firstly, we found a positive correlation between the time of NT use and the perception of addiction problems. Also, age was positively correlated to these perception problems. Secondly, the results indicated that television is the technology that generates a major perception problem in underage students. Lastly, the NTs have produced behaviours that are similar to those produced by other established addictions. Among them are notable the relaxation caused by their use or discomfort if they cannot be used. In addition, the frequent presence of other behaviours exclusive to these instruments has been identified, such as constantly checking one’s mobile phone screen. It is necessary to continue studying possible addictive behaviours specific to the NT.

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