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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 2). 202-207




Versión abreviada del WAIS-III para su uso en la evaluación de pacientes con diagnóstico de esquizofrenia

Inmaculada Fuentes Durá, María Romero Peris, Carmen Dasí Vivó y Juan Carlos Ruiz Ruiz

Universidad de Valencia

El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo obtener una forma abreviada de la versión española del WAIS-III que permita, con las garantías suficientes, reducir el tiempo de aplicación de la escala completa. Aunque se utilizaron muestras procedentes tanto de población normal (41 participantes sin patología mental conocida) como de población con diagnóstico de esquizofrenia (41 participantes), realmente el interés estaba centrado en el grupo clínico, ya que en el mismo es donde mayores ventajas se pueden obtener al acortar el tiempo de aplicación de la escala. Los datos mostraron que la mejor combinación de tests fue la de Semejanzas, Figuras Incompletas, Dígitos y Clave de números, ya que con esta forma reducida se obtiene una correlación lineal entre el CI Total de la escala completa y el de la forma abreviada de 0,91 en el grupo clínico y de 0,86 en el control. Para ambos grupos las diferencias entre los CI medios reales y los estimados no fueron significativas.

Short form of the WAIS-III for use with patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study is to obtain a sufficiently guaranteed, abridged, Spanish version of the WAIS-III and thereby reduce the time needed to administer the complete scale. Although the samples used were based both on normal individuals (41 participants with no known history of mental illness) as well as individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (41 participants), the real focus of the study was the clinical group because this is where the greatest advantages can be obtained by shortening the time to administer the scale. The data demonstrates that the best combination of tests was: Similarities, Picture Completion, Digit Span and Digit Symbol-coding because, with this reduced form, it was possible to obtain a linear correlation between the IQ of the complete scale and that of the abridged form of .91 in the clinical and .86 in the control group. For both groups, the differences between the real IQ averages and the estimated ones were nonsignificant.

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