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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 2). 236-241




Variables diferenciales de personalidad en los subtipos de TDAH en la edad adulta

Yolanda Martínez Ortega* ***, Rosa Bosch Munsó*, Montserrat Gomà-i-Freixanet**, Sergi Valero Ventura*, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga* **, Mariana Nogueira* y Miguel Casas Brugué* **

*Hospital Universitari Vall d’Hebrón, **Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona y ***Althaia, Xarxa Assistencial de Manresa

Los síntomas del trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH) y los rasgos de personalidad se manifiestan de forma relativamente estable y duradera desde la infancia y persisten a lo largo de la vida. El objetivo de este estudio consiste en identificar los rasgos de personalidad diferenciales y discriminativos entre los subtipos clínicos de TDAH en adultos. Se evaluaron las características de personalidad, mediante el Cuestionario de Personalidad de Zuckerman-Kuhlman (ZKPQ) y el Inventario Clínico Multiaxial de Millon-II (MCMI-II), en una muestra de 146 adultos diagnosticados de TDAH. Las dimensiones Activity y Aggression-Hostility del ZKPQ, permitieron clasificar correctamente al 75,8% de los diagnosticados en los subtipos inatento y combinado. Los resultados indican que el TDAH no es una entidad homogénea, sino que existen diferencias significativas en las características de personalidad entre los subtipos clínicos. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas sobre la conexión entre TDAH y personalidad, y las implicaciones clínicas respecto al diagnóstico y diseño de tratamientos mejor ajustados a las características de cada subtipo.

Differential personality features in adult ADHD subtypes. Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and personality traits are relatively stable from childhood and across life span. The purpose of this study was to identify differential and discriminative personality traits between clinical subtypes of ADHD in adults. The Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) and the Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory-II (MCMI-II) were administered to a sample of 146 adults with ADHD. Activity and Aggression-Hostility dimensions from the ZKPQ allowed us to properly classify 75.8% of the inattentive and combined subtypes. Data indicates that ADHD is not a homogeneous entity, but rather, there are significant differences in personality characteristics among clinical subtypes. The results have theoretical implications about the connection between ADHD and personality, and clinical implications regarding diagnosis and treatment designs better tailored to the characteristics of each subtype.

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