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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 2). 256-262




El sexo y el género: dos dominios científicos diferentes que debieran ser clarificados

Juan Fernández

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Donde hasta hace poco se utilizaba el vocablo sexo y sus derivados (diferencias sexuales, roles y estereotipos sexuales), hoy aparece una tendencia generalizada a sustituirlo por género y sus derivados (diferencias de género, roles y estereotipos de género), o bien a que el sexo y el género compartan espacio en los trabajos científicos, haciendo referencia a dos dominios distintos. Aquí se tratará de justificar la necesidad de un modelo capaz de integrar ambas complejas realidades, la del sexo y la del género, dando lugar a dos disciplinas autónomas, aunque complementarias, como son la sexología y la generología. En ambos casos, se parte de un punto de vista funcional, que es el que daría sentido a la especificidad de ambas disciplinas, dado que con él se pretende concatenar las distintas aportaciones provenientes de diferentes campos del saber. Este planteamiento puede tener importantes consecuencias en el terreno de la investigación, en el de la educación, en el de la vivencia de mujeres, varones y personas ambiguas, y en el clínico.

Sex and gender: Two different scientific domains to be clarified. Nowadays, the word sex and its related terms (sexual differences, sexual roles and stereotypes), so common not long ago, seems to have been replaced by gender and its related terms (gender differences, gender roles and stereotypes). We can sometimes find both sex and gender sharing the same space in scientific articles, although referring to different domains. In this paper, I try to explain the need for a model that can integrate both of these complex domains of sex and gender, leading to two independent, although complementary, disciplines: Sexology and Genderology. In both cases, I start from a functional standpoint, which will give meaning to both disciplines’ specificities, as it is meant to link contributions from different fields of knowledge. This approach can have consequences for research, education, the experience of women, men, and ambiguous individuals, and therapy.

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