Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2010. Vol. Vol. 22 (nº 4). 654-658

Incidence of anovulatory menstrual cycles among dysmenorrheic and non-dismenorrheic women: Effects on symptomatology and mood

Laura Espín López, Eduvigis Carrillo Verdejo, Francisca González Javier, Juan Ramón Ordoñana Martín and Jesús Gómez-Amor

Universidad de Murcia

The incidence of spontaneous anovulatory (SA) menstrual cycles among dysmenorrheic and non-dysmenorrheic women and their effects on symptomatology and mood were examined in 52 university students distributed into two groups (18 dysmenorrheic women and 34 non-dysmenorrheic women) according to the presence or absence of symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. Women were tested in menstrual, ovulatory and premenstrual phases. In order to estimate the proportion of ovulatory and SA cycles the basal body temperature (BBT) method was used. Results indicated that the percentage of SA cycles found in dysmenorrheic women does not confirm that primary dysmenorrhea only occurs in ovulatory cycles. In addition, the ovulatory cycles did not present greater symptomatology than the anovulatory cycles in self-rating of negative affect. In fact, menstrual symptomatology was not associated with ovulatory cycles. These data confirm that primary dysmenorrhea does not only depend on the endocrine factors which regulate the menstrual cycle but also on other factors such as social or psychological ones.

Incidencia de ciclos menstruales anovulatorios entre mujeres dismenorreicas y no dismenorreicas: efectos sobre sintomatología y humor. La incidencia de ciclos menstruales anovulatorios espontáneos (SA) entre las mujeres dismenorreicas y no dismenorreicas y sus efectos sobre sintomatología y humor fueron examinados en 52 estudiantes universitarias distribuidas en dos grupos (18 dismenorreicas y 34 no-dismenorreicas) de acuerdo a la presencia o ausencia de síntomas de dismenorrea primaria. Las mujeres fueron evaluadas en las fases menstrual, ovulatoria y premenstrual. Para estimar la proporción de ciclos ovulatorios y SA se utilizó el método de la temperatura basal corporal (BBT). Los resultados indicaron que el porcentaje de ciclos SA encontrados en mujeres dismenorreicas no confirma que la dismenorrea primaria solo ocurra en ciclos ovulatorios. Además, los ciclos ovulatorios no presentaron mayor sintomatología que los ciclos anovulatorios en las medidas de autoinforme de afecto negativo. De hecho, la sintomatología menstrual no estuvo asociada con ciclos ovulatorios. Estos datos confirman que la dismenorrea primaria no solo depende de los factores endocrinos que regulan el ciclo menstrual, sino también de otros factores sociales o psicológicos.


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