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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 3). 362-367




Evidencias contra el mito de la inadaptación de las personas con altas capacidades intelectuales***

África Borges del Rosal, Carmen Hernández-Jorge y Elena Rodríguez-Naveiras

Universidad de La Laguna

La inadaptación personal y social de las personas con altas capacidades intelectuales es un tema de debate en la literatura. Las discrepancias encontradas entre las evidencias a favor y en contra del ajuste de las personas superdotadas se pueden explicar apelando a sesgos conceptuales y metodológicos. En el presente estudio se contrasta la relación entre adaptación y altas capacidades en una muestra de adolescentes canarios, utilizando un procedimiento de criba basado en la puntuación en inteligencia. Los resultados muestran que aunque los adolescentes con altas capacidades difieren de forma significativa de sus compañeros controles en variables socioeconómicas y en rendimiento académico, no se presentan diferencias en su adaptación personal, social y escolar. Se concluye que inadaptación y alta capacidad intelectual son variables independientes, y no hay evidencias que permitan sostener que los individuos más dotados son inadaptados.

Evidence against the myth of adjustment problems of people with high intellectual abilities. Personal and social adjustment of high-ability children and adolescents is a very important issue in the specialized literature. The differences found between data for and against appropriate adjustment in gifted children and adolescents could be explained by conceptual or methodological biases. In this work, the relation between adjustment and high abilities are contrasted in a sample of teenagers from the Canary Islands, using a screening procedure based on their scores in intelligence tests. Results show that, although gifted adolescents differ significantly from their peers in the control group in socio-economic variables and academic performance, there are no differences in personal, social and educational adjustment. We conclude that adjustment problems and high ability are independent variables, and there is no evidence to support that gifted individuals have adjustment problems.

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