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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 3). 475-485




Adaptación española de la escala de manifestaciones de estrés del Student Stress Inventory (SSI-SM)

Milagros Escobar Espejo, María J. Blanca, F. Javier Fernández-Baena y María Victoria Trianes Torres

Universidad de Málaga

El propósito del presente trabajo es traducir al castellano y presentar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala de manifestaciones de estrés del Student Stress Inventory (SSI-SM), desarrollado por Fimian, Fastenau, Tashner y Cross, para identificar las manifestaciones de estrés dominantes en adolescentes. La escala se ha aplicado a una muestra de 1.002 estudiantes de primer y segundo curso de Educación Secundaria. Se presentan la estructura factorial, análisis de ítems, consistencia interna, diferencias por sexo y curso, evidencias externas de validez y normas de puntuación y corrección. Los resultados muestran una estructura factorial de tres factores de primer orden referentes a manifestaciones emocionales, manifestaciones fisiológicas y manifestaciones conductuales, y uno de segundo orden indicativo de manifestaciones de estrés. Las evidencias externas de validez muestran una asociación positiva con medidas de estrés percibido, agresividad, sintomatología internalizada/externalizada, y negativa con satisfacción vital. Los resultados indican que la escala es una herramienta adecuada para la evaluación de las manifestaciones de estrés en adolescentes.

Spanish adaptation of the Stress Manifestations Scale of the Student Stress Inventory (SSI-SM). The aim of the present study was to translate into Spanish and to describe the psychometric properties of the Stress Manifestations Scale of the Student Stress Inventory (SSI-SM), developed by Fimian, Fastenau, Tashner and Cross to identify the main manifestations of stress in adolescents. The scale was applied to a sample of 1,002 pupils from years one and two of Secondary Education. The paper reports the factor structure, an item analysis, the internal consistency, differences by sex and academic year, external evidence of validity, and norms for scoring the scale. The results reveal a factor structure based on three first-order factors (emotional manifestations, physiological manifestations and behavioural manifestations) and one second-order factor (indicative of stress manifestations). In terms of external validity, there was a positive association with measures of perceived stress, aggressiveness, internalized/externalized symptoms, and a negative association with life satisfaction. The results show that the scale is an adequate tool for evaluating stress manifestations in adolescents.

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