Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 3). 503-509

Psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports

Julio Román Martínez1, Félix Guillén1 and Deborah Feltz2

1 Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and
2 Michigan State University

The present study analyses the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire in Sports (CEQS). The sample comprises 312 athletes (167 males and 145 females), with a mean age of 24.09 (SD= 6.67), with diverse performance levels (professional, semiprofessional and university level), all practitioners of team sports. The factor structure of the questionnaire was analyzed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The results confirm the 5-factor internal structure of the CESQ (Effort, Ability, Unity, Perseverance and Preparation), made up of four items each. We also found acceptable values of the alpha coefficient, which confirms that the CESQ is a reliable instrument. Lastly, we found preliminary support for the validity of the construct of the CESQ, which is sufficient evidence to justify its use to measure the collective efficacy in Spanish athletes.

Propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del Collective Efficacy Questionnaire en deportes. El presente estudio analiza las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del Cuestionario de Eficacia Colectiva en el Deporte (CEQS). La muestra estuvo compuesta por 312 deportistas (167 hombres y 145 mujeres) españoles, con una edad media de 24,09 años (DT= 6,67), de diferentes niveles de rendimiento (profesional, federado y universitario) y practicantes de deportes de equipo. La estructura factorial del cuestionario se analizó a través de un análisis factorial confirmatorio (AFC). Los resultados confirman una estructura interna del CEQS de cinco factores (esfuerzo, habilidad, unidad, persistencia y preparación) formados por cuatro ítems cada uno. También encontramos puntuaciones aceptables en el coeficiente de alfa, lo que confirma que el CESQ es un instrumento fiable. Finalmente, encontramos apoyo preliminar sobre la validez de constructo del CESQ, evidencia suficiente para justificar la utilización del CESQ en la medición de la eficacia colectiva con deportistas españoles.


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