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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 544-551




Influence of the friends’ network in drug use and violent behaviour among young people in the nightlife recreational context

Amador Calafat1, Luka Kronegger2, Montse Juan1, Mari Angels Duch1 and Matej Kosir3

1 European Institute of Studies on Prevention,
2 University of Ljubljana (Slovenia) and
3 Institute for Research and Development «Utrip» (Slovenia)

Party networks of young people are important for socialization, but can also influence their involvement in risk behaviours. We explored the individual-centred networks (7.360 friends) of 1.363 recreational nightlife users in 9 European cities in 2006, through 22 friend characteristics. As expected, deviant networks are related to violence, smoking, illegal drug use and drunkenness. However, socializing and helping networks are also associated with fighting, smoking, use of illegal drugs —except for cannabis— and getting drunk. Not having a deviant network and not having a helping/socializing network can be protective against smoking, violence and illegal drug use, as well as protecting ex-users from relapse. Closeness to friends is also a network protective factor. A possible reason why socializing networks are related to fighting, illegal drugs and drunkenness is that these behaviours are somehow desired, adaptive and prosocial in recreational contexts.

Influencia de la red de amigos en el comportamiento violento de jóvenes que frecuentan contextos recreativos nocturnos.Las redes de amigos de los jóvenes cuando salen a divertirse son importantes para la socialización, pero también influyen en sus conductas de riesgo. Se exploran dichas redes (7.360 amigos) en 1.363 jóvenes de 9 ciudades europeas en 2006, a través de 22 características de los amigos. Las redes desviantes están relacionadas, como se esperaba, a la violencia, el tabaquismo, el consumo de drogas ilegales y la embriaguez. Sin embargo, las redes que facilitan la socialización y proporcionan ayuda también están asociadas con una mayor facilidad en la participación en peleas, tabaquismo, uso de drogas ilegales —excepto cannabis— y emborracharse. No tener una red desviada y no tener una red que facilite la ayuda / socialización puede tener un efecto protector contra el tabaquismo, la violencia y el consumo de drogas ilegales, así como la protección de ex usuarios de la recaída. La cercanía a los amigos es también un factor de protección de la red. Una de las posibles razones por las que las redes que facilitan la socialización se relacionan con las peleas, drogas ilegales y la embriaguez es que estos comportamientos dentro de los contextos recreativos nocturnos son bien vistos, son en parte adaptativos y pro-sociales.

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