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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 552-559




¿Tienen una personalidad distinta los adolescentes consumidores de psicoestimulantes?

Elisardo Becoña1, Ana López1, Elena Fernández del Río1, Úrsula Martínez1, Jaime Fraga2, Jesús Osorio2, Manuel Arrojo2, Fernanda López2 y María Nieves Domínguez2

1 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela y
2 Sergas

El consumo de psicoestimulantes tiene una especial importancia en nuestro medio por su notable incremento entre los más jóvenes. El objetivo del presente estudio es determinar si hay diferencias entre menores de edad consumidores y no consumidores de psicoestimulantes (cocaína y éxtasis) en función de las características de personalidad evaluadas con el MACI. La muestra está formada por 398 jóvenes entre 14 y 17 años que fueron seleccionados con un muestreo aleatorio en los domicilios de los entrevistados y en lugares de ocio y diversión. Los resultados confirman la existencia de importantes diferencias en las características de personalidad de ambos. Los jóvenes que han consumido psicoestimulantes se caracterizan por tener los prototipos de personalidad Rebelde, Rudo, Oposicionista y Tendencia límite.

Do adolescents who use stimulants have a different personality? Stimulant consumption is especially important in our context because its use has greatly increased in recent years. The aim of the present study is to analyze the differences between stimulant users and nonusers (under 18 years old) in personality characteristics assessed with the MACI. The sample comprises 398 youths between 14 and 17 years old who were selected through random sampling in their homes or in recreational night spots. Results show important differences in personality features between stimulant users and nonusers. Stimulant users are characterized by having unruly, forceful, oppositional and borderline-tendency personality prototypes.

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