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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 560-565




Efectividad de los tratamientos para la fobia social en el ámbito aplicado

Francisco J. Labrador Encinas y Francisco Ballesteros Pérez

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

La fobia social es uno de los trastornos más prevalentes y por los que más se demanda atención psicológica. Se estudió la efectividad de los tratamientos psicológicos en una Clínica Universitaria de Psicología. Demandaron asistencia por fobia social 71 pacientes. La media de sesiones de evaluación fue de 3,8 y de tratamiento 16,1. El porcentaje de altas fue del 64,2%, de bajas el 11,3% y de abandonos el 24,5%. Los tamaños del efecto (d) obtenidos a partir de la Escala de Evitación y Malestar Social (SAD) y de la Escala de temor a la evaluación Negativa (FNE) fueron del 1,96 y 1,78, respectivamente. Al comparar estos resultados con los estudios de eficacia (en especial meta-análisis) se constató que la efectividad del tratamiento alcanza valores similares a los de eficacia en estudios de investigación. Se defiende la utilidad de generalizar a la clínica asistencial los tratamientos desarrollados en el ámbito de la investigación.

Effectiveness of treatments for social phobia in an applied field. Social phobia is one of the most common disorders and one that requires the most attention from psychological clinics. The aim of this article was to study the effectiveness of psychological treatments in a University Psychological Clinic. Seventy-one social phobia patients requested psychological assistance. The average number of assessment sessions was 3.8 and the average number of treatment sessions was 16.1. Therapeutic success reached 64.2%, withdrawal percentage was 11.3%, and drop-out percentage was 24.5%. The effect size (Cohen’s d) achieved in the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SAD) and Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (FNE) were 1.96 and 1.78, respectively. Comparing these results with efficacy research (particularly meta-analysis), it has been shown that the treatment effectiveness achieved is very similar. It is concluded that cognitive behavioural treatments for social phobia can be transferred from research settings to clinical practice.

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