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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 573-579




¿Por qué se alargan los tratamientos psicológicos? Predictores de una mayor duración del tratamiento y diferencias entre los casos de corta y larga duración

Francisco J. Labrador, Mónica Bernaldo de Quirós y Francisco J. Estupiñá

Universidad Complutense de Madrid

El objetivo del estudio es identificar qué variables pueden explicar una mayor duración de los tratamientos psicológicos y analizar las diferencias entre casos extremos de corta y larga duración. Se analizaron los datos de 419 pacientes de la Clínica Universitaria de Psicología de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Los factores que mejor explicaban la duración del tratamiento eran: número de técnicas aplicadas, presencia de comorbilidad, haber recibido algún tratamiento anterior y presentar un diagnóstico principal de trastorno del estado de ánimo o trastorno de la conducta alimentaria. Se obtuvieron diferencias significativas entre los casos de corta y larga duración en el número de técnicas aplicadas y el número de objetivos terapéuticos establecidos al comienzo del tratamiento, también en variables clínicas (grupo diagnóstico, comorbilidad y haber recibido algún tratamiento anterior) y sociodemográficas (edad y nivel educativo). Se discuten los resultados y se proponen líneas de actuación y/o reflexión.

Why are psychological treatments prolonged? Predictors of a longer duration of treatment and analysis of the differences between long- and short-term cases. The purpose of this study was to identify variables that may explain a longer psychological treatment and to analyze differences between short- and long-term cases. Data from 419 patients of the University Clinic of Psychology at the Complutense University of Madrid were analyzed. Number of intervention techniques, comorbidity, previous treatments, and a primary diagnosis of mood disorder or eating disorder were the factors that explained longer treatment duration. Significant differences were observed between short- and long-term cases in number of intervention techniques, number of therapeutic objectives, and also in some clinical variables (diagnostic group, comorbidity, previous treatment) and demographics (age and educational level). Results are discussed and some lines of intervention and/ or reflection are proposed.

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