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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 611-616




Optimismo, pesimismo y realismo disposicional en emprendedores potenciales de base tecnológica

Jorge López Puga y Juan García García

Universidad de Almería

El optimismo ha sido un rasgo clásicamente vinculado a la personalidad emprendedora aunque su estudio no se ha abordado utilizando las herramientas que proporciona la psicología hasta hace relativamente poco tiempo. El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar la relación entre el optimismo, pesimismo y realismo disposicional en función de la tendencia a crear empresas de base tecnológica. Una muestra de estudiantes universitarios (n= 205) fueron clasificados como emprendedores potenciales tecnológicos, emprendedores potenciales generales y no-emprendedores antes de responder a un cuestionario electrónico que contenía la versión española del Life Orientation Test-Revised. Los resultados muestran que los emprendedores potenciales tecnológicos son más optimistas que las personas clasificadas como potencialmente no-emprendedoras, mientras que no se observan diferencias estadísticamente significativas en pesimismo y realismo. Los resultados se interpretan teóricamente en el contexto de la definición del emprendedor potencial y en términos aplicados para el diseño de programas de apoyo a futuros emprendedores.

Dispositional optimism, pessimism and realism in technological potential entrepreneurs. Optimism has been classically considered a key trait in entrepreneurs’ personality but it has been studied from a psychological point of view only in recent years. The main aim of this research is to study the relationship between dispositional optimism, pessimism and realism as a function of the tendency to create technology-based businesses. A sample of undergraduate students (n= 205) filled in an electronic questionnaire containing the Life Orientation Test-Revised after they were classified as potential technological entrepreneurs, potential general entrepreneurs and non-potential entrepreneurs. Our results show that technology-based entrepreneurs are more optimistic than non-potential entrepreneurs, whereas there were no statistical differences in pessimism and realism. The results are interpreted theoretically to define the potential entrepreneur and, from an applied perspective, to design training programmes to support future technological entrepreneurs.

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