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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 654-659




Prácticas educativas paternas y problemas internalizantes y externalizantes en adolescentes españoles

Mª Cruz García Linares, Mª Teresa Cerezo Rusillo, Manuel Jesús de la Torre Cruz, Mª de la Villa Carpio Fernández y Pedro Félix Casanova Arias

Universidad de Jaén

Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar las relaciones entre las prácticas educativas del padre y de la madre y los problemas internalizantes y externalizantes que presentan un grupo de adolescentes en función del género. Los participantes fueron 469 estudiantes de Educación Secundaria Obligatoria con edades entre los 12 y 18 años. Los resultados mostraron diferencias en la percepción de las prácticas educativas de ambos progenitores que presentan los adolescentes en función del género de los mismos. Las prácticas educativas negativas se relacionan positivamente con los problemas internalizantes y externalizantes, mientras que las prácticas positivas se relacionan negativamente con los problemas externalizantes. Asimismo, se producen diferencias en las variables predictoras de los problemas en chicos y en chicas, resultando mayor la predicción en el caso de los problemas externalizantes.

Parenting practices and internalizing and externalizing problems in Spanish adolescents. The goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between parenting practices and internalizing and externalizing problems presented by a group of adolescents according to their gender. Four hundred and sixty-nine secondary school students (aged between 12 and 18) participated in this study. The adolescents presented differences in perception of the educational practices of both parents as a function of their gender. Negative parenting practices were positively related to adolescents’ internalizing and externalizing problems, whereas positive practices were negatively related to externalizing problems. Moreover, differences between boys and girls were found in predictor variables of problems, and the predictive power of the variables was higher for externalizing problems.

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