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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 824-831




Propiedades psicométricas del Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI)en población infantil y adolescente española

Miguel Ángel Carrasco Ortiz, Begoña Delgado Egido, María Isabel Barbero García, Francisco Pablo Holgado Tello y María Victoria del Barrio Gándara

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

El presente estudio explora la dimensionalidad del Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980) en una muestra de 721 sujetos españoles entre 9 y 16 años. Se realizaron diferentes análisis exploratorios como base para la propuesta de un análisis factorial confirmatorio de cinco factores de primer orden (Empatía Intelectual, Empatía Emocional Positiva, Empatía Emocional Desorganizadora, Empatía Virtual e Impasibilidad), de los cuales los dos primeros anidan en uno de segundo orden, «Estilo Social Considerado», que constituye una dimensión global de empatía positiva. Las diferentes dimensiones presentan niveles de fiabilidad y evidencias de validez adecuadas. El modelo resultante supone una alternativa robusta que incorpora nuevos componentes en la evaluación de la empatía.

Psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index in Spanish child and adolescent population. This article analyses the dimensions of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI; Davis, 1980). The sample comprised 721 Spanish participants between 9 and 16 years old. Diverse exploratory factor analyses were conducted as the basis for the final confirmatory factor analysis, through self-report. The results supported a structure with 5 first-order main factors (Intellectual empathy, Positive emotional empathy, Disorganized emotional empathy, Virtual empathy, and Impassiveness), where the two first factors are nested in a second-order dimension: «Considerate Social Style». The psychometric characteristics of the instrument were adequate. The proposed model is a new alternative to conceptualize the factor structure of empathy.

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