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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos del Principado de Asturias).
We currently publish four issues per year, which accounts for some 100 articles annually. We admit work from both the basic and applied research fields, and from all areas of Psychology, all manuscripts being anonymously reviewed prior to publication.

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Psicothema, 2011. Vol. Vol. 23 (nº 4). 864-870




Adaptación al castellano del Test de Necesidad de Cierre Cognitivo

Javier Horcajo1, Darío Díaz2, Beatriz Gandarillas3 y Pablo Briñol1

1 Universidad Autónoma de Madrid,
2 Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha y
3 IE Universidad

La Necesidad de Cierre Cognitivo (NCC) se refiere a la motivación de las personas por buscar y mantener una respuesta definitiva ante un problema determinado. Este cierre mental permite evitar la confusión, la ambigüedad y la incertidumbre. La NCC juega un papel importante en multitud de procesos de diferente naturaleza, incluyendo fenómenos intra-personales (e.g., a mayor NCC, se generan menos hipótesis), inter-personales (e.g., reduce la empatía), intra-grupales (e.g., aumenta la búsqueda de consenso) e inter-grupales (e.g., aumenta el favoritismo endo-grupal). El objetivo de la presente investigación fue adaptar al castellano el Test Revisado de NCC (TR-NCC) de Antonio Pierro y Arie Kruglanski (2005), examinando la fiabilidad y la validez de las puntuaciones de los participantes. En los estudios realizados, las puntuaciones de los participantes mostraron una consistencia interna aceptable y una validez factorial adecuada (Estudio 1); así como una fiabilidad temporal también aceptable y una adecuada validez discriminante con respecto a las puntuaciones en otra medida de diferencias individuales como la Necesidad de Cognición (NC, Estudio 2).

Spanish adaptation of the Need for Closure Scale. The Need for Cognitive Closure (NCC) refers to the motivation to seek and maintain a definitive answer to a given problem. This mental closure allows people to avoid confusion, ambiguity and uncertainty. The NCC plays a critical role in a variety of processes of diverse nature, including intra-personal (e.g., the higher the NCC, the less generation of hypothesis), inter-personal (e.g., decreased empathy), intra-group (e.g., increased desire for consensus), and inter-group (increased in-group favouritism) phenomena. The goal of the present research was to provide a Spanish adaptation of Antonio Pierro and Arie Kruglanski’s Revised NCC Scale (2005, Rev NfCS), examining the reliability and the validity of participants’ scores. In the present studies, it was found that the Spanish version of the scale had acceptable internal reliability and adequate factor structure (Study 1), as well as acceptable test-retest reliability and adequate discriminant validity with regard to the scores in another measure of individual differences such as the Need for Cognition (NC, Study 2).

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