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Psicothema was founded in Asturias (northern Spain) in 1989, and is published jointly by the Psychology Faculty of the University of Oviedo and the Psychological Association of the Principality of Asturias (Colegio Oficial de Psicología del Principado de Asturias).
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Psicothema, 2012. Vol. Vol. 24 (nº 1). 79-86




Personalidad resistente y capital psicológico: las variables personales positivas y los procesos de agotamiento y vigor

Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez, Eva Garrosa, Sandra Corso, Mar Boada y Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

La investigación examinó los efectos de las variables personales de capital psicológico y Personalidad Resistente (PR) con respecto a las variables criterio de agotamiento y vigor, mediante dos estudios, uno con 427 enfermeras (España) y otro con 253 docentes (Perú). Los resultados mostraron efectos directos significativos y moderadores de las variables personales positivas sobre agotamiento y vigor, siendo mayor sus efectos sobre vigor. La variable compromiso (PR) es la única que, en ambas muestras, tiene efectos significativos en agotamiento y vigor. La discusión enfatiza la relevancia de las variables personales positivas para la explicación de agotamiento y vigor, especialmente de este último.

Hardy personality and psychological capital: The positive personal variables and the processes of exhaustion and vigor. The research examined the effects of personal variables, psychological capital and Hardy Personality (HP), using exhaustion and vigor as criterion variables, reviewing two studies, one of 427 nurses (Spain) and another of 253 teachers (Perú). The results showed significant direct and moderating effects of personal variables on exhaustion and vigor, with a greater effect on vigor. The commitment variable (HP) is the only one that had significant effects on both samples. The discussion emphasizes the importance of positive personal variables to explain exhaustion and vigor, particularly the latter.

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